If a plant becomes shaded, for example, it can usually branch out and extend into a light patch. A vine thus finds its niche in a dense forest. Roots likewise can extend toward moister or more fertile patches of soil. So indeterminate growth can relocate antenna systems as well as expand them, making motility not only difficult, but also unnecessary.
|When we see a fern in the forest, we're looking at the
sporophyte generation, which produces spores asexually.
|The gametophyte generation of ferns
is a small, independent, short-lived green
plant. Sexual reproduction occurs
between adjacent gametophytes. The
resulting fertilized egg will develop
into another full-sized fern
|Spices, such as the yellow curcumin from the rhizome of
turmeric plants (Curcuma longa), are chemical defenses against herbivores,
as are other substances we use as drugs, medicines, poisons, resins, etc.
Photo by Simon A. Eugster, posted and licensed on Wikimedia Commons,
Plants thus achieve all of life's basic functions without moving a muscle, and flourish in great variety and numbers. A lion can growl and bite and claw its way through an existence of a couple of decades, but a tree can live for 5000 years.